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Hemorrhoids (HEM-uh-roids)

Hemorrhoids (HEM-uh-roids), also known as piles.These are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum, similar to varicose veins. Hemorrhoids can develop inner side of the rectum or under the skin around the anus.

Nearly three out of every four adults will have hemorrhoids from time to time. Hemorrhoids have a number of causes, but some time the cause is unknown.

Fortunately, fruitful options are available to treat hemorrhoids. Most of the people get relief with home treatments and lifestyle changes.

Hemorrhoids

Causes

The veins around your anus contribute to stretch under pressure and may bulge or swell. Hemorrhoids develop from escalated pressure in the lower rectum due to:

  • Straining during motion
  • Sitting for long time on the toilet
  • Having longstanding diarrhea or constipation
  • Being voluminous
  • During pregnancy
  • Having buggery
  • Eating a low-fiber food
  • Regular heavy weight lifting

Symptoms

Basically Signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids usually depend on its type.

External hemorrhoids

External_Hemorrhoids

These are under the skin surrounded by anus. Signs and symptoms might include:

  • Itching or irritation in your anal zone
  • Pain or uneasiness
  • Swelling around your anus area
  • Bleeding

Internal hemorrhoids

Internal Hemorrhoids

Internal hemorrhoids recline inside the rectum. Usually you can’t see or feel them, and they rarely cause uneasiness. It may cause irritation or straining when passing stool:

  • Painless bleeding during motion. During this time you might see small amounts of bright red blood in the toilet.
  • A hemorrhoid to push through the anal opening resulting in pain and irritation.

Thrombosed hemorrhoids

If blood pools in an external hemorrhoid and forms a clot, it can result in:

  • Anguish
  • Buldge
  • Hotness
  • A hard hitch near your anus

Risk Factors of Hemorrhoids

Pressure enhancing in your lower rectum can affect blood flow and make the veins swell. That may happen from:

  • Pushing during motion
  • Straining when you doing something physically hard, like lifting something heavy
  • Extra weight, like heaviness
  • Pregnancy, when your reproductive system presses on your veins
  • A low diet fibre
  •  Anal sex

People who stand or sit for long time are at greater risk, too.

If you have constipation or diarrhea hemorrhoids doesn’t clear up. Coughing, sneezing, and vomiting could make them even worse.

Stomach pain

Complications

Complications of hemorrhoids are rare but include:

  • Anemia. Anemia is a condition if you have less quantity of healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to your body’s tissues. Moreover it is also referred to as low hemoglobin, can make you feel exhausted. Anemia could be temporary or long term at the same time it can escalate from mild to severe.
  • Strangulated hemorrhoid. If the blood supply is cut off to an internal hemorrhoid, that may be “strangulated,” which can cause severe pain.
  • Blood clot. Occasionally, a clot can form in a haemorrhoid. Although not dangerous, it can be extremely painful.

Prevention

To prevent hemorrhoids keeping your stools soft is the best way, so they pass easily.

To prevent and reduce hemorrhoids, follow these tips:

  • Eat high-fiber foods. Eating more fruits, vegetables and whole grains softens the stool and increases its volume, which prevents from hemorrhoids. Moreover add fiber to your diet slowly to avoid gas as well.
  • Drink plenty of fluids. To keep stools soft, drink six to eight glasses of water and other liquids every day.
  • Consider fiber supplements. Supplements, like psyllium or methylcellulose improve overall symptoms and bleeding. Recommended amount of fiber is 20 to 30 grams a day for diet.

Eating fiber supplements, at least eight glasses of water or other fluids every day is must. Otherwise, the supplements can cause constipation.

  • Don’t strain. Do not take strain and hold your breath while passing stool otherwise it will creates greater pressure in the veins in the lower rectum.
  • Go as fast as you can for toilet. If you wait to pass a bowel movement and you don’t want to do so, your stool could dry out and will harder to pass.
  • Exercise.  Exercise helps you lose excess weight that might be contributing to your hemorrhoids.
  • Avoid long periods of sitting. Sitting for too long, particularly on the toilet, can increase the pressure on the veins in the anus.
Sigmoidoscopy after hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids Diagnosis

Your doctor may need your medical history and symptoms. They might need to do one or may be both examinations:

  • Physical exam. Your doctor might check at your anus and rectum to check for lumps, swelling, irritation, or is there any other problems.
  • Digital rectal exam. To check muscle tone and feel for softness, lumps, or other problems your doctor might apply lubricants, and place a finger into your rectum. You might need a more thorough test to diagnose internal haemorrhoids.
  • Anoscopy. For this process doctor needs short plastic tube called an anoscope to   examine your anal canal.
Anoscopy
  • Sigmoidoscopy. To do so your doctor looks into your lower colon with a light flexible tube called a sigmoidoscope.
  • Colonoscopy. Long, flexible tube called a colonoscope required for this diagnose.

Hemorrhoids Treatment

Usually hemorrhoid symptoms go away on their own. Doctor will attend depend on criticality of the symptom.

  • Home remedies. Simple lifestyle changes give relieve from mild hemorrhoid symptoms within one week. Add more fiber to your daily diet with supplements and foods like fruit, vegetables, and grains. Try not to strain during motion. Drinking more water to make it easier to go. Ice packs can give relief from pain and swelling.
  • Nonsurgical treatments. Some creams or other medications decrease your pain, swelling, and itching.
  • Surgical treatments. Doctor can use chemicals or lasers or infrared light, or tiny rubber bands to get rid of them.

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