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Brain Stroke

What is Brain Stroke?

Brain Stroke

A brain stroke or brain attack, happens when blood circulation fails in the brain. Brain cells may die from decreased blood circulation and it results lack of oxygen. There are two major categories of brain stroke: Stroke caused by a blockage of blood flow and stroke caused by bleeding inside the brain. Blockage in the Blood vessel either in the brain or neck, called an ischemic stroke. This the most common cause of stroke and it is responsible for almost 80 percent of strokes.

These blockages stem happens from three conditions

1.         The creation of a clot within a blood vessel of either the brain or neck, called thrombosis.

2.         The momentum of a clot from other part of the body such as the heart to the brain, called embolism.

3.         Severe shrinking of an artery in or leading to the brain, called stenosis.

4.         Bleeding into the brain or the spaces surrounding the brain causes the second type of stroke, called hemorrhagic stroke.

Symptoms of Brain stroke

If you or your near or dear may be having a stroke, kindly pay particular attention to the time the symptoms began. Some basic treatment options are most effective when applied soon after a stroke begins.

Blockage in brain

Signs and symptoms of brain stroke include:

  • Difficulty in speaking and understanding what others are saying. You may feel confusion, slur your words or have difficulties in understanding speech.
  • Paralysis or numbness of body part. You may develop sudden numbness, weakness or paralysis in your body parts. Basically it affects just one side of your body. Try to raise both your hands over your head at the same time. If one hand begins to fall, you may be having a stroke. Also, one side of your mouth may droop when you try to smile or talk.
  • Problems in visibility in one or both eyes. You may suddenly have blurred or blackened vision in one or may be in both eyes. You may see double as well.
  • Headache. An un-predicted & drastic headache, which includes vomiting, giddiness or altered consciousness, may denote that you’re having a stroke.
  • Trouble in walking. You may impingement or lose your balance. You may also have unexpected dizziness or a loss of coordination.
Bleeding in brain

Causes of Brain Stroke

  • High blood pressure. Doctor may call it hypertension. It’s the major cause of strokes. If your blood pressure is typically 140/90 or higher, please consult with your doctor.
  • Tobacco. Smoking or chewing it raises your possibility of a stroke. Nicotine makes your blood pressure up. Cigarette smoke increases a fatty build up in your main neck artery. It also concentric your blood and makes it more likely to clot. Even second hand smoke can affect you more.
  • Heart diseaseThis condition includes defective heart valves as well as irregular heartbeat. That causes a one fourth of all strokes among the very older people.
  • Diabetes. People who have diabetes often have high blood pressure and there is a chance to be overweight. Both can be the cause of a stroke. Diabetes damages your blood vessels, which makes a stroke more possible. If you have a stroke when your blood sugar levels are high, the injury in your brain will be greater.
  • Weight and exercise. Overweight people have more chance to have a stroke. You can minimize your odds by working out every day. Do 30-minute walk, or do muscle-strengthening exercises like push ups and working with weights, let the sweat come out.

Some more causes……

  • Medications. Some medicines can increase your chances of stroke. For example, blood-thinning drugs, which doctors suggest to prevent blood clots. Those medicines can sometime make a stroke more likely through bleeding. And low-dose estrogen in birth control pills may also make your odds go up for strokes.
  • Age. Anyone could have a stroke, even new born babies. Basically your chance goes up as you get older.
  • Family. Strokes can run in families. Some strokes can be brought on by a genetic abnormality that blocks blood flow to the brain.
  • Gender. Females are slightly less likely to have a stroke than males of the same age. But females have strokes in their older age. That makes them less likely to recover and more likely to die as a result.
  • Race. Strokes affect non-white Hispanic Americans much more often than any other group in the U.S. Sickle cell disease, a hereditary condition that can shrink arteries and interrupt blood flow, is also common in those families who came from the Mediterranean, the Middle East, or Asia.

Risk factors

Hypertension

There are so many factors can increase your stroke risk.

Lifestyle risk factors

  • Being overweight.
  • Physically inactive
  • Heavy drunker or binge drinking
  • Consumption of illegal drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamine

Medical risk factors

  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking cigarette or second hand smoke exposure
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Obstructive sleep respiratory
  • Cardiovascular disease, including heart failure, heart defects, heart infection or uncommon heart rhythm, such as atrial fibrillation
  • Personal or family history of stroke, heart attack or transient ischemic attack
  • COVID-19 infection

Prevention

Diabetes

Knowing your stroke risk factors, the best steps you can take to prevent a stroke is following your doctor’s recommendations and adopting a healthy lifestyle. If you’ve had a stroke or a transient ischemic attack (TIA), these steps might help prevent another stroke.

Many prevention strategies for stroke are the same as strategies to prevent heart disease. In general, healthy lifestyle recommendations include:

  • Controlling high blood pressure (hypertension) is the most important things you can do to reduce your stroke risk. If you’ve had a stroke. Healthful living changes and medications are often used to treat high blood pressure.
  • Lowering the amount of cholesterol and saturated fat in your diet. Eating low cholesterol and saturated fat may reduce the buildup in your arteries. If it is not happening through dietary changes alone, your doctor may prescribe a cholesterol-lowering medication.
  • Quitting tobacco use. Smoking raises the high risk of stroke for smokers and non-smokers exposed to second hand smoke. Sacrificing tobacco and drugs will reduce your risk of stroke.
  • Managing diabetes. Dieting, exercise and losing weight can help you keep your blood sugar in a control.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight. Being overweight empowers stroke risk factors, such as high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
  • Exercising regularly. Aerobic exercise can reduce your risk of stroke in many ways. Exercises can decreases your blood pressure, increase your levels of good cholesterol. Exercises improve the overall health of your blood vessels and heart. Cautiously work up to at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity — such as walking, jogging, swimming or bicycling.

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